Birds and small animals also eat their winged seeds. Food, medicine, shelter, clothing, tools, and right livelihood The new growth is susceptible to aphids. It is a dominant tree in local forested wetlands, paired with an understory of spiraea and slough sedge. Native Americans used the tree to build tools like axe handles, canoe paddles, and tobacco pipes. The wood is hard and strong and used in furniture, panelling, flooring, pallets, and wood crates. Welcome to the website for the Oregon Chapter of ASHRAE®, the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air-Conditioning Engineers. Gunther, Erna. ethnobotany Lomatium californicum. About 16 species occur in North America. It is the only ash native to the Pacific Northwest. 1. They range between green and reddish-orange. Ethnobotany Oregon Ash is commonly used as firewood because it splits easily and has a high heat value. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. Fruits develop into hanging dried samara. University of Washington Press. Knowledge and use of Indigenous plants by Native Americans, University of Washington Press. It forms an attractive shape, tolerates saturated soils, and shades waterways. Oregon. It is commonly known as the Oregon white oak or Oregon oak in the United States and as the Garry oak in Canada. The root system of ash is moderately shallow, … Thus the ubiquitous names like “Ash Creek” and “Ash Swale” that are common throughout the Willamette Valley. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Names: Latifolia means “wide leaves.”  Oregon Ash has wider leaflets than most Ashes. Notable feature: yellow leaves during fall. Distribution of Oregon Ash from USGS ( “Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ). discovered on Mount Ashland, Jackson County, Oregon Introduced Slugs are Damaging Threatened Orchid in New Hampshire Oregon ash is an ideal deciduous tree to plant along streams, seeps, and wet areas. as a medicine and stimulant that is distinct from the well-documented customs of the Northwest Amazon and the Andean highlands. Oregon Ash is commonly used as firewood because it splits easily and has a high heat value. Open-grown trees have broad, rounded crowns with large limbs on short boles. Only one is native to this state, Oregon ash, although others are planted ornamentally, especially for their bright red fall foliage. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a … Ethnobotany is a study of interactions between local communities and their natural environment, especially regarding the use of plants in everyday life (Martin 1995). In the Landscape: Oregon Ash is perhaps my least favorite of our native trees. (1945) (Revised 1973) Ethnobotany of Western Washington. Summer 2017 LWC Mission: Luckiamute Watershed Council To engage and assist landowners and commu-nities in the voluntary protection, restoration and enhancement of the Luckiamute and Ash Creek watersheds. Native American Ethnobotany Publication Author Moerman. Growth: Oregon Ash grows to about 75 feet (25m). In Memory of Ann Lennartz. This article was written by Sarah Verlinde. It is susceptible to insect attack. The wood is hard and strong and used in furniture, panelling, flooring, pallets, and wood crates. Unlike its Willow and Cottonwood neighbors in the riparian areas, Oregon Ash has a mind of its own and does not restrict itself to wet areas. D. Publisher Timber Press. The pulverized fresh roots of the Oregon ash (Fraxinus oregona) were used to treat the wounds suffered as a result of a clash between a bear and an Indian as related in the following story: One old Indian related a story about a bear fight which he had seen his father, a very powerful man, engage in … Local people consume the larvae of the emperor moth Bunea alcinoe. Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM), Center on Reinventing Public Education (CRPE), http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Fraxinus+latifolia, http://nativeplantspnw.com/oregon-ash-fraxinus-latifolia, http://owic.oregonstate.edu/oregon-ash-fraxinus-latifolia, https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/misc/ag_654/volume_2/fraxinus/latifolia.htm, http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Fraxinus%20latifolia, Distribution:  Pacific Coast, California to British Columbia, mostly south-west washington, Habitat:  fertile moist soils near rivers and lakes, wetlands, and prairies. The Ohlone Peoples: Botanical, Animal and Mineral Resources by Susan Labiste . The foliage is food for butterfly larvae and may be consumed by passing browsers. The trees are commonly used as an ornamental tree in PNW cities. Size, Longevity, and Form Mature Oregon ash attain heights of 60 to 80 ft and DBH of 16 to 30 in. In forest stands, Oregon ash develop short, narrow crowns with small branches on long, straight boles. To learn about the ethnobotany of the land you live in or when visiting new land I recommend seeking out tribal cultural centers, natural history and history museums of all sizes, and to visit natural areas and park interpretive centers. As a study of how people use plants there are many ways to get into ethnobotany. Native Americans used the tree to build tools like axe handles, canoe paddles, and tobacco pipes. Year 1998 ISBN 0-88192-453-9 Description Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Today the hard wood is used for tool handles, furniture, sports equipment, and barrels. Use by wildlife: The winged seeds of Oregon Ash are eaten by a birds and small mammals. Phenology: Bloom Period: March-May. Revised edition, page 45 Fraxinus latifolia Benth. The meadow was full of invasive weeds such as European blackberry, Scotch broom, and Queen Anne’s-lace, and Oregon ash trees were colonizing it. Ethnobotany- the study of people’s classification, management and use of plants- is an endeavour ... [Show full abstract] which attracts people from various academic disciplines. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. Native Americans used the tree to build tools like axe handles, canoe paddles, and tobacco pipes. Plants can be grown from seeds or from truncheons and grow about 1m per year. The wood is hard and strong and used in furniture, panelling, flooring, pallets, and wood crates. It usually grows to 60 to 90 feet tall with a 2 to 3 foot trunk diameter, but it can reach … Meyer, Joseph E. (1918) (Revised 1970) The Herbalist, Meyer Books Publishing; Moerman, Daniel E.(1998) Native American Ethnobotany, Timber Press, Portland and London Samaras ripen: August-September. Fraxinus americana, or White Ash, is a deciduous tree, native to North Carolina and found throughout the state except for the lower coastal region (it does not tolerate exposure to salt air). Oregon ash prefers damp, loose soils, and grows from sea level to 900 meters. For more information on the ashes native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page or see "Trees to Know in Oregon". Your Watershed. Use by wildlife: The winged seeds of Oregon Ash are eaten by a birds and small mammals. Distribution: Oregon Ash is found from the southern coast of British Columbia, west of the Cascades in Washington and Oregon, to the coast ranges and Sierra Nevadas of California. Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Oregon ash is an abundant tree in the western United States and was valued by local tribes for a variety of functions including timber, fuel, medicine and basketry. Ethnobotany Oregon Ash is commonly used as firewood because it splits easily and has a high heat value. Ash grows primarily along the creeks and in the wet and marshy areas of the valley. Leaves: Leaves are compound, comprised of 5-7 leaflets, oppositely arranged. The oppositely arranged, pinnately compound leaves have 5-7 leaflets. INSECTICIDES AND INSECT REPELLANTS . Flowers are small and inconspicuous, appearing before the leaves. Autumn is its most aesthetic season, when female trees produce attractive seed clusters, followed by bright yellow fall foliage. Founded in 1996 by Ann Lennartz, Starflower Foundation assisted with the creation, rehabilitation, and stewardship of Pacific Northwest native plant communities in Seattle, Washington, by supporting citizen-driven restoration and education projects.Having met the founder’s expectations, Starflower Foundation ceased operations in December 2007. Oregon Ash This native tree does well in wet, low-lying areas. The straw coloured to light-brown Wood, lacks a clearly defined heartwood and sapwood. Plants provide food, medicine, shelter, dyes, fibers, oils, resins, gums, soaps, waxes, latex, tannins, and even contribute to the air we breathe. The Long History of Oregon White Ash (Fraxinus latifolia Benth.) **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. The acidic Fruit is non-poisonous is edible and has a faint onion taste. Hi Cassie, Great question I'm happy to answer. Ancient Science of Life, Vol No. Wetland Designation: FACW, Facultative wetland, it usually occurs in wetlands but occasionally occurs in non-wetlands. … Many native peoples also use plants in ceremonial or spiritual rituals. Oregon Ash USDA FRLA: Cowlitz Fiber, Canoe Material Wood used to make canoe paddles. Seeds start forming after the tree is around 30 years old and are dispersed by the wind. It grows from sea level to 210 meters (690 ft) altitude in the northern part of its range, and at 300 to 1,800 meters (980 to 5,910 ft) in the south of the range in California. The ethnobotany of chamairo: Mussatia hyacinthina. Ethnobotany is the study of how people of a particular culture and region make use of indigenous (native) plants. Oregon Ash                                                                                        The Olive Family–Oleaceae. Your Rivers. It is used in restoration projects establishing quickly in moist areas like the edges of wetlands. Fraxinus latifolia, the Oregon ash, is a member of the ash genus Fraxinus, native to western North America. MI-Recommended Alternatives to Ash Trees (FRLA) MI-Southeast Michigan RC (FRLA) MI-www.EmeraldAshBorer.info (FRLA) OH-Ash Alert (OSU) (FRLA) USDA APHIS-Emerald Ash Borer (FRLA) USDA FS Forest Health Protection (FRLA) USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (FRLA) USDA NRCS National Ash Tree Seed Collection Initiative (FRLA) Chumash Ethnobotany: Plant Knowledge Among the Chumash People of Southern California (Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Monographs) [Timbrook, Jan, Chapman, Chris] on Amazon.com. For a long time, the people of Saudi Arabia have been using medicinal plants (MPs) as conventional medicine to heal diverse human and livestock diseases. An infusion of the bark was used as a wash to treat itching skin and to treat swollen joints. Chumash Ethnobotany: Plant Knowledge Among the Chumash People of Southern California (Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Monographs) Propagation: Seeds are best collected slightly green before fully dry on the tree and sown immediately outside or in a cold frame. Use by people: Natives used Oregon Ash wood for canoe paddles and digging sticks. Oregon ash, a member of the olive family (Oleaceae), is one of 16 species of ash in the United States. Ash may live at least 250 years. Relationships: There are about 65 species of Ashes, mostly in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. Flower/Fruits:  small and appear before the leaves. It also makes good firewood. Distribution of Oregon Ash from USGS (“Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr.) Distribution: Oregon Ash is found from the southern coast of British Columbia, west of the Cascades in Washington and Oregon, to the coast ranges and Sierra Nevadas of California. Oregon Ash USDA FRLA: Cowlitz Drug, Anthelmintic Infusion of bark taken for worms. Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell, 1973, The Ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia, Economic Botany 27:257-310, page 290 It has a non-aggressive root syste… Use by people: Natives used Oregon Ash wood for canoe paddles and digging sticks. Habitat: This tree grows in moist to wet soils near streams, lakes and in flood plains. Bark ash rubbed on chest of baby as protection from rashes and mouth sores. Recent fieldwork in the eastern lowlands of Bolivia and Peru has revealed a traditional use of coca (Erythroxylum coca Lam.) J Ethnopharmacol. Tree is oppositely branched. Ethnobotany Workshop Teaches Traditional Uses of Plants Your Land. 1983 Dec;9(2-3):225-36. Chestnut (1906) describes the Yuki in Round Valley, California using the wood for fuel and it being valuable because it … Gunther, Erna, 1973, Ethnobotany of Western Washington, Seattle. The Oregon Ash is especially susceptible to attacks from aphids, and its foliage is commonly consumed by butterfly larvae including the Pale Swallowtail, Two-tailed Swallowtail, and Western Tiger Swallowtail butterflies. Diagnostic Characters: Oregon Ash is our only tree with compound leaves, making it easy to identify. Ethnobotanic: The Alabama, Cherokee, Chippewa, Comanche, Creek, Delaware, Iroquois, Oklahoma, Menominee, Meskwaki, Ojibwa, Pawnee, and Potawatomi were among the Native American tribes that used common pricklyash for many, mostly medicinal purposes. What we are: In 1994, the Willamette National Forest acquired a 14-acre parcel of fallowed ranchland that hardly resembled a native wetland prairie. Oregon Ash typically grows on lakesides and in floodplains. Today the hard wood is used for tool handles, furniture, sports equipment, and barrels. Cured wood is used for making furniture, panelling, broom handles and boat building. A reoccurring revelation breaks on me anew nearly every time I spend an appreciable amount of time in the forest; one that renders me mute and pondering in stunned silence: the forest provides everything we need to sustain our lives. XIII Nos. California rock parsnip, Lomatium californicum, is a perennial herb of California and Oregon which grows in partial shade on low elevation mountains and hillsides. The present work is the first study on ethnobotanical uses of 124 MPs species used by the local tribal communities of Jazan province in the Southwest of Saudi Arabia. It is, however, useful for revegetating wet areas that are flooded periodically. It also makes good firewood. Your Community. For questions regarding the UWB/CC Plant Tour, contact Sarah at severlin@uw.edu. in British Columbia Whitebark Pine ( Pinus albicaulis Engelm.) It grows quickly for the first 80 years, then more slowly—living to about 250 years. 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